Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2013
Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies  
Basis of Presentation

(a)                      Basis of Presentation


These consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) applicable to interim financial information and should be read in the context of the December 31, 2012 consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for a more complete understanding of the Company’s operations, financial position, and accounting policies. The December 31, 2012 consolidated financial statements have been filed with the SEC in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012 and the IPO Prospectus.


The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) for interim financial information, and, accordingly, do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal and recurring accruals) considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of September 30, 2013, and the results of its operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2013, and its cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2013. We have no items of other comprehensive income or loss; therefore, our net income (loss) is identical to our comprehensive income (loss). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. Operating results for the period ended September 30, 2013 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year because of the impact of fluctuations in prices received for natural gas and oil, natural production declines, the uncertainty of exploration and development drilling results, and other factors.


The Company’s exploration and production activities are accounted for under the successful efforts method.


As of the date these financial statements were filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Company completed its evaluation of potential subsequent events for disclosure and no items requiring disclosure were identified, except the public stock offering and a refinancing of the senior notes described in Note 11.  See Note 1 for a description of the merger and public stock offering completed on October 16, 2013.

Use of Estimates

(b)                      Use of Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Changes in facts and circumstances or discovery of new information may result in revised estimates, and actual results could differ from those estimates.


The Company’s financial statements are based on a number of significant judgments, assumptions, and estimates, including estimates of gas and oil reserve quantities, which are the basis for the calculation of depreciation, depletion, and amortization, present value of future reserves, and impairment of oil and gas properties. Reserve estimates are, by their nature, inherently imprecise.

Risks and Uncertainties

(c)                       Risks and Uncertainties


Historically, the market for natural gas has experienced significant price fluctuations. Prices for natural gas, NGLs, and oil are volatile; price fluctuations can result from variations in weather, levels of production in a given region, availability of transportation capacity to other regions of the country, and various other factors. Increases or decreases in prices received could have a significant impact on the Company’s future results of operations.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

(d)                      Cash and Cash Equivalents


The Company considers all liquid investments purchased with an initial maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of these investments.

Derivative Financial Instruments

(e)                       Derivative Financial Instruments


In order to manage its exposure to oil and gas price volatility, the Company enters into derivative transactions from time to time, which may include commodity swap agreements, collar agreements, and other similar agreements relating to oil and natural gas expected to be produced. From time to time, the Company may also enter into derivative contracts to mitigate the effects of interest rate fluctuations. To the extent legal right of offset with a counterparty exists, the Company reports derivative assets and liabilities on a net basis. The Company has exposure to credit risk to the extent the counterparty is unable to satisfy its settlement obligation. The fair value of the Company’s commodity derivative contracts of approximately $708 million at September 30, 2013 includes the following asset values by bank counterparty: Credit Suisse — $174 million; BNP Paribas — $156 million; Wells Fargo — $116 million; JP Morgan — $113 million; Barclays — $112 million; CitiBank - $23 million; Deutsche Bank — $11 million; Toronto Dominion Bank — $2 million; and Union Bank — $1 million.  The credit ratings of certain of these banks have been downgraded because of the sovereign debt crisis in Europe. The estimated fair value of our commodity derivative assets has been risk adjusted using a discount rate based upon the respective published credit default swap rates (if available, or if not available, a discount rate based on the applicable Reuters bond rating) at September, 2013 for each of the European and North American banks. We believe that all of these institutions currently are acceptable credit risks.


The Company records derivative instruments on the consolidated balance sheets as either an asset or liability measured at fair value and records changes in the fair value of derivatives in current earnings as they occur. Changes in the fair value of commodity derivatives are classified as revenues.

Fair Value Measurements

(f)                         Fair Value Measurements


Authoritative accounting guidance defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and requires disclosures about fair value measurements. This guidance also relates to all nonfinancial assets and liabilities that are not recognized or disclosed on a recurring basis (e.g., those measured at fair value in a business combination, the initial recognition of asset retirement obligations, and impairments of proved oil and gas properties, and other long-lived assets). The fair value is the price that the Company estimates would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. A fair value hierarchy is used to prioritize input to valuation techniques used to estimate fair value. An asset or liability subject to the fair value requirements is categorized within the hierarchy based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability. The highest priority (Level 1) is given to unadjusted quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities, and the lowest priority (Level 3) is given to unobservable inputs. Level 2 inputs are data, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Instruments that are valued using Level 2 inputs include nonexchange traded derivatives, such as over-the-counter commodity price swaps, basis swaps, and interest rate swaps. Valuation models used to measure fair value of these instruments consider various Level 2 inputs including (i) quoted forward prices for commodities, (ii) time value, (iii) quoted forward interest rates, (iv) current market prices and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, (v) risk of nonperformance by the Company and the counterparty, and (vi) other relevant economic measures.  To the extent a legal right of offset with a counterparty exists, the derivative assets and liabilities are reported on a net basis.

Income Taxes

(g)                      Income Taxes


Prior to the merger described in Note 1, Antero Resources LLC and its subsidiaries filed separate federal and state income tax returns. Antero Resources LLC was a partnership for income tax purposes and therefore is not subject to federal or state income taxes. The tax on the income of Antero Resources LLC was borne by the individual members through the allocation of taxable income.


Antero Resources Corporation and its subsidiaries recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for temporary differences resulting from net operating loss carryforwards for income tax purposes and the differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities. The effect of changes in the tax laws or tax rates is recognized in income in the period such changes are enacted. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance, when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.


Unrecognized tax benefits represent potential future tax obligations for uncertain tax positions taken on previously filed tax returns that may not ultimately be sustained. The Company recognizes interest expense related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and fines and penalties as income tax expense. The tax years 2009 through 2012 remain open to examination by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. The Company files tax returns with various state taxing authorities which remain open to examination for tax years 2008 through 2012.

Impairment of Unproved Properties

(h)                      Impairment of Unproved Properties


Unproved properties are assessed for impairment on a property-by-property basis, and any impairment in value is charged to expense. Impairment is assessed based on remaining lease terms, drilling results, reservoir performance, commodity price outlooks, and future plans to develop acreage.


Impairment of unproved properties during the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2013 was $2 million and $3 million, respectively.  Impairment of unproved properties during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2013 was $5 million and $10 million, respectively.

Industry Segment and Geographic Information

(i)                         Industry Segment and Geographic Information


We have evaluated how the Company is organized and managed and have identified one operating segment — the exploration and production of oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids. We consider our gathering, processing, and marketing functions as ancillary to our oil and gas producing activities. All of our assets are located in the United States and all of our revenues are attributable to United States customers.


(j)                         Guarantees


In November 2009 and January 2010, an indirect wholly owned finance subsidiary of Antero Resources LLC, Antero Finance, issued $375 million and $150 million, respectively, of 9.375% senior notes due December 1, 2017. In August 2011, Antero Finance issued $400 million of 7.25% senior notes due August 1, 2019. In November 2012 and February 2013, Antero Finance issued $300 million and $225 million, respectively, of 6.00% senior notes due December 1, 2020. For purposes of this footnote, we collectively refer to the 2017 senior notes, the 2019 senior notes and the 2020 senior notes as the “senior notes.”


Antero Resources LLC, as the parent company (for purposes of this footnote only, the Parent Company), has no independent assets or operations. Antero Finance is a 100% indirectly owned finance subsidiary of Parent Company. The senior notes are each guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Parent Company and all of Parent Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries (other than Antero Finance) and certain of its future restricted subsidiaries. The guarantees are full and unconditional and joint and several. The guarantor subsidiaries may be released from those guarantees upon the occurrence of certain events, including (i) the designation of that subsidiary guarantor as an unrestricted subsidiary; (ii) the release or discharge of any guarantee or indebtedness that resulted in the creation of the guarantee of the senior notes by such subsidiary guarantor; or (iii) the sale or other disposition, including the sale of substantially all of the assets, of that subsidiary guarantor. There are no significant restrictions on Antero Finance’s ability to obtain funds from the Parent Company or the subsidiary guarantors by dividend or loan, except those imposed by applicable law. However, the indentures governing the senior notes and the Credit Facility agreement contain significant restrictions on the ability of Antero Finance or the subsidiary guarantors to make distributions to the Parent Company.  Finally, the Parent Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries do not have restricted assets that exceed 25% of net assets as of the most recent fiscal year end that may not be transferred to the Parent Company in the form of loans, advances or cash dividends by the subsidiaries without the consent of a third party.