Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2017
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  
Basis of Presentation

(a)Basis of Presentation

 

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC applicable to interim financial information and should be read in the context of the December 31, 2016 consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for a more complete understanding of the Company’s operations, financial position, and accounting policies.  The December 31, 2016 consolidated financial statements have been filed with the SEC in the Company’s 2016 Form 10-K.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, and, accordingly, do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements.  In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal and recurring accruals) considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of December 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017, the results of its operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2017, and its cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2017.  The Company has no items of other comprehensive income or loss; therefore, its net income or loss is identical to its comprehensive income or loss.  Operating results for the period ended March 31, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year because of the impact of fluctuations in prices received for natural gas, NGLs, and oil, natural production declines, the uncertainty of exploration and development drilling results, fluctuations in the fair value of derivative instruments, and other factors.  The Company’s statement of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2016 includes reclassifications within current liabilities that were made to conform to the three months ended March 31, 2017 presentation.  The Company’s statement of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2016 includes reclassifications within operating expenses that were made to conform to the three months ended March 31, 2017 presentation.

 

The Company’s exploration and production activities are accounted for under the successful efforts method.

 

As of the date these financial statements were filed with the SEC, the Company completed its evaluation of potential subsequent events for disclosure and no items requiring disclosure were identified.

Principles of Consolidation

(b)Principles of Consolidation

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Antero, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, any entities in which the Company owns a controlling interest, and variable interest entities (“VIEs”) for which the Company is the primary beneficiary.

 

We have determined that Antero Midstream is a VIE for which Antero is the primary beneficiary.  Therefore, Antero Midstream’s accounts are included in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.  Antero is the primary beneficiary of Antero Midstream based on its power to direct the activities that most significantly impact Antero Midstream’s economic performance, and its obligation to absorb losses or receive benefits of Antero Midstream that could be significant to the Partnership.  Antero Midstream was formed to own, operate, and develop midstream energy assets to service Antero’s production under long-term service contracts.  Antero owned 58.6% of the outstanding limited partner interests in Antero Midstream at March 31, 2017, and Antero’s officers and management group also act as management of Antero Midstream.  Antero Midstream GP LP (“AMGP”) indirectly owns the general partnership interest in Antero Midstream as well as Antero IDR Holdings LLC, which owns the incentive distribution rights in Antero Midstream.  AMGP has not provided, and is not expected to provide, financial support to Antero Midstream.

 

Antero and Antero Midstream have 20-year contracts with automatic renewal provisions, whereby Antero has dedicated the rights for gathering and compression, and water delivery and handling services to Antero Midstream on a fixed-fee basis on a substantial portion of Antero’s current acreage and future acquired acreage, in each case, except for acreage that was already dedicated to other parties prior to entering into the service contracts or that was acquired subject to a pre-existing dedication.  The contracts call for Antero to present, in advance, its drilling and completion plans in order for Antero Midstream to develop gathering and compression, water delivery and handling, and gas processing assets to service Antero’s operations.  Consequently, the drilling and completion capital investment decisions made by Antero control the development and operation of all of Antero Midstream’s assets.  Because of these contractual obligations and the capital requirements related to these obligations, Antero Midstream has and will devote substantially all of its resources to servicing Antero’s operations, and revenues from Antero will provide substantially all of Antero Midstream’s financial support and, therefore, its ability to finance its operations.  As a result of the long-term contractual commitment to support Antero’s substantial growth plans, Antero Midstream will be practically and physically constrained from providing any substantive amount of services to third-parties.  Therefore, Antero controls the activities that most significantly impact Antero Midstream’s economic performance. 

 

All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.  Noncontrolling interest in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements represents the interests in Antero Midstream which are owned by the public and the holder of Antero Midstream’s incentive distribution rights.  Noncontrolling interest is included as a component of equity in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Investments in entities for which the Company exercises significant influence, but not control, are accounted for under the equity method.  Such investments are included in investments in unconsolidated affiliates on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.  Income from equity method investees is included in equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and cash flows.

Use of Estimates

(c)Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Changes in facts and circumstances or discovery of new information may result in revised estimates, and actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements are based on a number of significant estimates including estimates of natural gas, NGLs, and oil reserve quantities, which are the basis for the calculation of depletion and impairment of oil and gas properties.  Reserve estimates by their nature are inherently imprecise.  Other items in the Company’s consolidated financial statements which involve the use of significant estimates include derivative assets and liabilities, accrued revenue, deferred income taxes, equity-based compensation, asset retirement obligations, depreciation, amortization, and commitments and contingencies.

 

Risks and Uncertainties

(d)Risks and Uncertainties

 

Historically, the markets for natural gas, NGLs, and oil have experienced significant price fluctuations.  Price fluctuations can result from variations in weather, levels of production, availability of transportation capacity to other regions of the country, and various other factors.  Increases or decreases in the prices the Company receives for its production could have a significant impact on the Company’s future results of operations and reserve quantities.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

(e)Derivative Financial Instruments

 

In order to manage its exposure to natural gas, NGLs, and oil price volatility, the Company enters into derivative transactions from time to time, which may include commodity swap agreements, basis swap agreements, collar agreements, and other similar agreements related to the price risk associated with the Company’s production.  To the extent legal right of offset exists with a counterparty, the Company reports derivative assets and liabilities on a net basis.  The Company has exposure to credit risk to the extent that the counterparty is unable to satisfy its settlement obligations.  The Company actively monitors the creditworthiness of counterparties and assesses the impact, if any, on its derivative position.

 

The Company records derivative instruments on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as either assets or liabilities measured at fair value and records changes in the fair value of derivatives in current earnings as they occur.  Changes in the fair value of commodity derivatives, including gains or losses on settled derivatives, are classified as revenues on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations.  The Company’s derivatives have not been designated as hedges for accounting purposes.

Industry Segments and Geographic Information

(f)Industry Segments and Geographic Information

 

Management has evaluated how the Company is organized and managed and has identified the following segments: (1) the exploration, development, and production of natural gas, NGLs, and oil; (2) gathering and processing; (3) water handling and treatment; and (4) marketing of excess firm transportation capacity.

 

All of the Company’s assets are located in the United States and substantially all of its production revenues are attributable to customers located in the United States.

 

Earnings (loss) per common share

(g)Earnings (Loss) per Common Share

 

Earnings (loss) per common share—basic for each period is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to Antero by the basic weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period.  Earnings (loss) per common share—assuming dilution for each period is computed after giving consideration to the potential dilution from outstanding equity awards, calculated using the treasury stock method.  The Company includes performance share unit awards in the calculation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding based on the number of common shares that would be issuable if the end of the period were also the end of the performance period required for the vesting of such awards.  During periods in which the Company incurs a net loss, diluted weighted average shares outstanding are equal to basic weighted average shares outstanding because the effect of all equity awards is antidilutive.  The following is a reconciliation of the Company’s basic weighted average shares outstanding to diluted weighted average shares outstanding during the periods presented (in thousands): 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2017

 

Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding

 

277,050

 

314,954

 

Add: Dilutive effect of non-vested restricted stock units

 

 —

 

770

 

Add: Dilutive effect of outstanding stock options

 

 —

 

 —

 

Add: Dilutive effect of performance stock units

 

 —

 

45

 

Diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding

 

277,050

 

315,769

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of outstanding equity awards excluded from calculation of diluted earnings per common share(1):

 

 

 

 

 

Non-vested restricted stock and restricted stock units

 

6,741

 

1,509

 

Outstanding stock options

 

720

 

683

 

Performance stock units

 

214

 

660

 


(1)   The potential dilutive effects of these awards were excluded from the computation of earnings per common share—assuming dilution because the inclusion of these awards would have been anti-dilutive.  When the Company incurs a net loss, all outstanding equity awards are excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per common share because the inclusion of these awards would be anti-dilutive.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

(h)Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all liquid investments purchased with an initial maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.  The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents approximates fair value due to the short term nature of these instruments.  From time to time, the Company may be in a position of a “book overdraft” in which outstanding checks exceed cash and cash equivalents.  The Company classifies book overdrafts within accounts payable within its condensed consolidated balance sheets, and classifies the change in accounts payable associated with book overdrafts as an operating activity within its condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.