Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2016
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(2)Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


(a)Basis of Presentation


These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC applicable to interim financial information and should be read in the context of the December 31, 2015 consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for a more complete understanding of the Company’s operations, financial position, and accounting policies.  The December 31, 2015 consolidated financial statements have been filed with the SEC in the Company’s 2015 Form 10-K.


The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, and, accordingly, do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements.  In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal and recurring accruals) considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of December 31, 2015 and June 30, 2016, the results of its operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2016, and its cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2016.  The Company has no items of other comprehensive income or loss; therefore, its net income or loss is identical to its comprehensive income or loss.  Operating results for the period ended June 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year because of the impact of fluctuations in prices received for natural gas, NGLs, and oil, natural production declines, the uncertainty of exploration and development drilling results, fluctuations in the fair value of derivative instruments, and other factors.


The Company’s exploration and production activities are accounted for under the successful efforts method.


As of the date these financial statements were filed with the SEC, the Company completed its evaluation of potential subsequent events for disclosure and no items requiring disclosure were identified except for the exercise of the tag-along option to a leasehold acquisition and the sale of common stock.  Both of these items are further described in note 14.


(b)Principles of Consolidation


The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Antero Resources Corporation, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, any entities in which the Company owns a controlling interest, and variable interest entities for which the Company is the primary beneficiary.  The Company consolidates Antero Midstream as it determined that it is the primary beneficiary based on its significant ownership interest in Antero Midstream, the significance of the Company’s activities to Antero Midstream, and its influence over Antero Midstream through the presence of Company executives that serve on the board of directors of Antero Midstream’s general partner.  All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.  Noncontrolling interest in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements represents the interests in Antero Midstream which are owned by third-party individuals or entities, or Antero Midstream’s general partner.  An affiliate of the Company owns the general partner interest in Antero Midstream.  Noncontrolling interest is included as a component of equity in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.


Investments in entities for which the Company exercises significant influence, but not control, are accounted for under the equity method.  Such investments are included in other assets on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.  Income from such investments is included in equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliate on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and cash flows.


(c)Use of Estimates


The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Changes in facts and circumstances or discovery of new information may result in revised estimates, and actual results could differ from those estimates.


The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements are based on a number of significant estimates including estimates of natural gas, NGLs, and oil reserve quantities, which are the basis for the calculation of depletion and impairment of oil and gas properties.  Reserve estimates by their nature are inherently imprecise.  Other items in the Company’s consolidated financial statements which involve the use of significant estimates include derivative assets and liabilities, accrued revenue, deferred income taxes, equity-based compensation, asset retirement obligations, depreciation, amortization, and commitments and contingencies.


(d)Risks and Uncertainties


Historically, the markets for natural gas, NGLs, and oil have experienced significant price fluctuations.  Price fluctuations can result from variations in weather, regional levels of production, availability of transportation capacity to other regions of the country, and various other factors.  Increases or decreases in the prices the Company receives for its production could have a significant impact on the Company’s future results of operations and reserve quantities.


(e)Cash and Cash Equivalents


The Company considers all liquid investments purchased with an initial maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.  The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments.


(f)Derivative Financial Instruments


In order to manage its exposure to natural gas, NGLs, and oil price volatility, the Company enters into derivative transactions from time to time, which may include commodity swap agreements, basis swap agreements, collar agreements, and other similar agreements related to the price risk associated with a portion of the Company’s production.  To the extent legal right of offset exists with a counterparty, the Company reports derivative assets and liabilities on a net basis.  The Company has exposure to credit risk to the extent that the counterparty is unable to satisfy its settlement obligations.  The fair value of the Company’s commodity derivative contracts of approximately $2.1 billion at June 30, 2016 includes the following values by bank counterparty:  Morgan Stanley - $568 million; Barclays - $461 million; JP Morgan - $388 million; Wells Fargo - $204 million; Scotiabank - $148 million; Citigroup - $126 million; BNP Paribas - $81 million; Toronto Dominion - $51 million; Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce - $30 million; Fifth Third - $24 million; Bank of Montreal - $13 million; SunTrust - $6 million; and Capital One - $4 million.  The credit ratings of certain of these banks were downgraded in recent years because of the sovereign debt crisis in Europe.  The Company actively monitors the creditworthiness of counterparties and assesses the impact, if any, on its derivative position.


The Company records derivative instruments on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as either an asset or liability measured at fair value and records changes in the fair value of derivatives in current earnings as they occur.  Changes in the fair value of commodity derivatives are classified as revenues on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations.  The Company’s derivatives have not been designated as hedges for accounting purposes.


(g)Income Taxes


The Company recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities for temporary differences resulting from net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards for income tax purposes and the differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities.  The effect of changes in the tax laws or tax rates is recognized in income in the period such changes are enacted.  Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.


Unrecognized tax benefits represent potential future tax obligations for uncertain tax positions taken on previously filed tax returns that may not ultimately be sustained.  The Company recognizes interest expense related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and fines and penalties for tax-related matters as income tax expense.


(h)Fair Value Measurements


Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, clarifies the definition of fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.  This guidance also relates to all nonfinancial assets and liabilities that are not recognized or disclosed on a recurring basis (e.g., those measured at fair value in a business combination, the initial recognition of asset retirement obligations, and impairments of proved oil and gas properties, and other long-lived assets).  Fair value is the price that the Company estimates would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.  A fair value hierarchy is used to prioritize inputs to valuation techniques used to estimate fair value.  An asset or liability subject to the fair value requirements is categorized within the hierarchy based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.  The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.  The highest priority (Level 1) is given to unadjusted, quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities, and the lowest priority (Level 3) is given to unobservable inputs.  Level 2 inputs are data, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, which are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.  Instruments which are valued using Level 2 inputs include non-exchange traded derivatives such as over-the-counter commodity price swaps and basis swaps.  Valuation models used to measure fair value of these instruments consider various Level 2 inputs including (i) quoted forward prices for commodities, (ii) time value, (iii) quoted forward interest rates, (iv) current market prices and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, (v) risk of nonperformance by the Company and the counterparty, and (vi) other relevant economic measures.


(i)Industry Segments and Geographic Information


Management has evaluated how the Company is organized and managed and has identified the following segments: (1) the exploration and production of natural gas, NGLs, and oil; (2) gathering and compression; (3) water handling and treatment; and (4) marketing of excess firm transportation capacity.


All of the Company’s assets are located in the United States and substantially all of its production revenues are attributable to customers located in the United States.


(j)Marketing Revenues and Expenses


Marketing revenues and expenses represent activities undertaken by the Company to purchase and sell third-party natural gas and NGLs and to market its excess firm transportation capacity in order to utilize this excess capacity.  Marketing revenues include sales of purchased third-party gas and NGLs, as well as revenues from the release of firm transportation capacity to others.  Marketing expenses include the cost of purchased third-party natural gas and NGLs.  The Company classifies firm transportation costs related to capacity contracted for in advance of having sufficient production and infrastructure to fully utilize the capacity (excess capacity) as marketing expenses since it is marketing this excess capacity to third parties.  Firm transportation for which the Company has sufficient production capacity (even though it may not use the transportation capacity because of alternative delivery points with more favorable pricing) is considered unutilized capacity. The costs of unutilized capacity are charged to transportation expense.


(k)Earnings (Loss) per Common Share


Earnings (loss) per common share for each period is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to Antero by the basic weighted average number of shares outstanding during such period.  Earnings (loss) per common share—assuming dilution for each period is computed giving consideration to the potential dilution from outstanding equity awards, calculated using the treasury stock method.  The Company includes performance share unit awards in the calculation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding based on the number of common shares that would be issuable if June 30, 2016 was the end of the performance period.  During periods in which the Company incurs a net loss, diluted weighted average shares outstanding are equal to basic weighted average shares outstanding because the effect of all equity awards is antidilutive.  The following is a reconciliation of the Company’s basic weighted average shares outstanding to diluted weighted average shares outstanding during the periods presented: 













Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,












Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding










Add: Dilutive effect of non-vested restricted stock units










Add: Dilutive effect of outstanding stock options










Add: Dilutive effect of performance stock units










Diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding




















Weighted average number of outstanding equity awards excluded from calculation of diluted earnings per common share(1):










Non-vested restricted stock and restricted stock units










Outstanding stock options










Performance stock units










(1)   The potential dilutive effects of these awards were excluded from the computation of earnings per common share—assuming dilution because the inclusion of these awards would have been anti-dilutive.


(l)Adoption of New Accounting Principle


On March 30, 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Stock Compensation–Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.  This standard simplifies or clarifies several aspects of the accounting for equity-based payment awards, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows.  Certain of these changes are required to be applied retrospectively, while other changes are required to be applied prospectively.  The Company elected to early-adopt the standard as of January 1, 2016.


As permitted by this standard, the Company has elected to account for forfeitures in compensation cost as they occur.  This standard also permits an entity to withhold income taxes upon settlement of equity-classified awards at up to the maximum statutory tax rate and requires that such payments be classified as financing activities on the statement of cash flows.


As a result of adopting this standard, cash outflows attributable to tax withholdings on the net settlement of equity-classified awards have been reclassified from operating cash flows to financing cash flows.  The retrospective adjustment to the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2015 is as follows (in thousands):














As Previously Reported




As Adjusted




Six Months Ended June 30, 2015




Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


Changes in accrued liabilities











Employee tax withholding for settlement of equity compensation awards