Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2021
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(a)

Basis of Presentation

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) applicable to interim financial information and should be read in the context of the Company’s December 31, 2020 consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for a more complete understanding of the Company’s operations, financial position and accounting policies. The Company’s December 31, 2020 consolidated financial statements were included in Antero Resources’ 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K, which was filed with the SEC.

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, and, accordingly, do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal and recurring accruals) considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2021 and its results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2021 and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2021. The Company has no items of other comprehensive income or loss; therefore, its net income or loss is equal to its comprehensive income or loss. Operating results for the period ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year because of the impact of fluctuations in prices received for natural gas, NGLs, and oil, natural production declines, the uncertainty of exploration and development drilling results, fluctuations in the fair value of derivative instruments, the impacts of COVID-19 and other factors.

(b)

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Antero Resources Corporation, its wholly owned subsidiaries, and its variable interest entity (“VIE”), Martica Holdings LLC, (“Martica”), for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. The noncontrolling interest reflected in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2021 represents the Company’s interest in Martica owned by third parties. See Note 3—Transactions to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for more information on Martica.

(c)

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all liquid investments purchased with an initial maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. From time to time, the Company may be in the position of a “book overdraft” in which outstanding checks exceed cash and cash equivalents. The Company classifies book overdrafts in accounts payable and revenue distributions payable within its condensed consolidated balance sheets, and classifies the change in accounts payable associated with book overdrafts as an operating activity within its unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. As of December 31, 2020, the book overdrafts included within accounts payable and revenue distributions payable were $11 million and $15 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2021, the book overdrafts included within accounts payable and revenue distributions payable were $37 million and $31 million, respectively.

(d)

Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share

Earnings (loss) per common share—basic for each period is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to Antero by the basic weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. Earnings (loss) per common share—diluted for each period is computed after giving consideration to the potential dilution from outstanding equity awards and shares of common stock

issuable upon conversion of the 2026 Convertible Notes (as defined below in Note 7—Long-Term Debt). The Company includes restricted stock unit (“RSU”) awards, performance share unit (“PSU”) awards and stock options in the calculation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding based on the number of common shares that would be issuable if the end of the period was also the end of the performance period required for the vesting of the awards. The potential dilutive effect of the 2026 Convertible Notes is calculated using the (i) treasury stock method for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 as a result of the Company’s intent to settle the principal amount of such convertible notes in cash upon conversion during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, and (ii) if-converted method for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, as a result of the partial equitizations of the 2026 Convertible Notes during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. See Note 7—Long-Term Debt for further discussion on the equitization transactions. During periods in which the Company incurs a net loss, diluted weighted average shares outstanding are equal to basic weighted average shares outstanding because the effects of all equity awards and the 2026 Convertible Notes are anti-dilutive.

The following is a reconciliation of the Company’s basic weighted average shares outstanding to diluted weighted average shares outstanding during the periods presented (in thousands):

Three Months Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

   

2021

Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding

268,511

313,790

273,689

306,201

Add: Dilutive effect of RSUs

Add: Dilutive effect of PSUs

Add: Dilutive effect of outstanding stock options

Add: Dilutive effect of 2026 Convertible Notes

Diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding

268,511

313,790

273,689

306,201

Weighted average number of outstanding securities excluded from calculation of diluted earnings per common share (1):

RSUs

10,129

6,158

7,397

6,562

PSUs

1,988

2,748

1,808

2,706

Outstanding stock options

432

357

432

388

2026 Convertible Notes (2)

18,778

18,778

(1) The potential dilutive effects of these awards were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings (loss) per common share because the inclusion of these awards would have been anti-dilutive.
(2) Under the treasury stock method, only the amount by which the conversion value exceeds the aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Convertible Notes is considered in the diluted earnings per share computation. As of September 30, 2020, the conversion value did not exceed the principal amount of the notes, and accordingly, there was no impact to diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. Under the if-converted method, the weighted average number of shares outstanding for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, would have been 28 million and 10 million, respectively, all of which would have been anti-dilutive.

(e)

Income Taxes

The Company recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities for temporary differences resulting from net operating loss carryforwards for income tax purposes and the differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities. The effect of changes in tax laws or tax rates is recognized in income during the period such changes are enacted.  Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

On April 9, 2021, West Virginia enacted new tax laws related to its apportionment and sourcing methodologies. The newly enacted laws are effective January 1, 2022 on a prospective basis and are expected to reduce the Company’s net income or loss that is apportioned to West Virginia.  As a result of this tax law change, the Company’s net deferred income tax liability was reduced by $34

million as of September 30, 2021, which includes a $48 million increase in deferred tax assets, partially offset by a $14 million increase in valuation allowance. 

(f)

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

Convertible Instruments

In August 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, which eliminates the cash conversion model in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options, that require separate accounting for conversion features, and instead, allows the debt instrument and conversion features to be accounted for as a single debt instrument. The new standard becomes effective for the Company on January 1, 2022, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is evaluating the transition method it plans to use for adoption on January 1, 2022. However, the Company has utilized the modified retrospective approach to quantify the expected impact of this standard on its financial statements.

Upon adoption of this new standard, the Company expects to reclassify between $15 million and $30 million, net of deferred income taxes and equity issuance costs, to long-term debt and deferred income tax liability, as applicable, from stockholders’ equity, which amount is subject to adjustment for any conversions or other transactions until adoption of this new standard. Additionally, annual interest expense for the 2026 Convertible Notes will be based on an effective interest rate of 4.8% as compared to 15.1% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021. The Company does not believe that adoption of the standard will impact its operational strategies or development prospects.

Income Taxes

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. This ASU removes certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”) and also simplifies portions of ASC 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. It is effective for interim and annual reporting periods after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted this ASU on January 1, 2021, and it did not have a material impact on the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.