|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2018
(a)Commodity Derivative Positions
The Company periodically enters into natural gas, NGLs, and oil derivative contracts with counterparties to hedge the price risk associated with its production. These derivatives are not entered into for trading purposes. To the extent that changes occur in the market prices of natural gas, NGLs, and oil, the Company is exposed to market risk on these open contracts. This market risk exposure is generally offset by the change in market prices of natural gas, NGLs, and oil recognized upon the ultimate sale of the Company’s production.
The Company was party to various fixed price commodity swap contracts that settled during the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2018. The Company enters into these swap contracts when management believes that favorable future sales prices for the Company’s production can be secured. Under these swap agreements, when actual commodity prices upon settlement exceed the fixed price provided by the swap contracts, the Company pays the difference to the counterparty. When actual commodity prices upon settlement are less than the contractually provided fixed price, the Company receives the difference from the counterparty.
The Company’s derivative swap contracts have not been designated as hedges for accounting purposes; therefore, all gains and losses are recognized in the Company’s statements of operations.
As of June 30, 2018, the Company’s fixed price natural gas, NGLs, and oil swap positions from July 1, 2018 through December 31, 2023 were as follows (abbreviations in the table refer to the index to which the swap position is tied, as follows: NYMEX=Henry Hub; Mont Belvieu-Propane=Mont Belvieu Propane; NYMEX-WTI=West Texas Intermediate):
In 2017, due to delay of the in-service date for a pipeline on which the Company is to be an anchor shipper, the Company realized it would not be able to fulfill its delivery obligations under a natural gas sales contract commencing in January 2018 until late 2018. In order to acquire gas to fulfill its delivery obligations, the Company entered into several natural gas purchase agreements with index-based pricing to purchase gas for resale under this sales contract. Subsequently, the Company and the counterparty to the sales contract came to an agreement that the Company’s delivery obligations under the contract would not begin until the earlier of (1) the in-service date of the pipeline and (2) January 1, 2019. Consequently, in December 2017, the Company entered into natural gas sales agreements with index-based pricing to resell the purchased gas for delivery during the period from February to October 2018. The natural gas that it had purchased for January was sold on the spot market during January. As a result of severe cold weather in the local area in January resulting in wide basis premiums at the index for these contracts, the Company realized a cash gain on these contracts of $94.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2018.
The Company determined that these gas purchase and sales agreements should be accounted for as derivatives and measured at fair value at the end of each period. The Company recognized a loss in the fourth quarter of 2017 of $21.4 million. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized a net gain (loss) of ($0.1) and $94.1 million, respectively. The estimated fair value of these contracts of $21.4 million at June 30, 2018 is included in current Derivative liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet, and will be recognized as cash settled losses in future periods through October 2018.
The following table presents a summary of the fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments and where such values are recorded in the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2017 and June 30, 2018. None of the Company’s derivative instruments are designated as hedges for accounting purposes.
The following table presents the gross values of recognized derivative assets and liabilities, the amounts offset under master netting arrangements with counterparties, and the resulting net amounts presented in the consolidated balance sheets as of the dates presented, all at fair value (in thousands):
The following is a summary of derivative fair value gains and losses and where such values are recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2018 (in thousands):
The fair value of derivative instruments was determined using Level 2 inputs.
The entire disclosure for derivative instruments and hedging activities including, but not limited to, risk management strategies, non-hedging derivative instruments, assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef