Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Long-Term Debt

v3.21.1
Long-Term Debt
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Long-Term Debt.  
Long-Term Debt

(7) Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt as of December 31, 2020 and March 31, 2021 consisted of the following items (in thousands):

December 31,

March 31,

   

2020

    

2021

Credit Facility (a)

$

1,017,000

143,200

5.125% senior notes due 2022 (b)

660,516

5.625% senior notes due 2023 (c)

574,182

574,182

5.00% senior notes due 2025 (d)

590,000

590,000

8.375% senior notes due 2026 (e)

500,000

7.625% senior notes due 2029 (f)

700,000

4.25% convertible senior notes due 2026 (g)

287,500

137,500

Total principal

3,129,198

2,644,882

Unamortized premium (discount), net

(111,886)

(51,669)

Unamortized debt issuance costs

(15,719)

(24,527)

Long-term debt

$

3,001,593

2,568,686

(a) Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility

Antero Resources has a senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) with a consortium of bank lenders. Borrowings under the Credit Facility are subject to borrowing base limitations based on the collateral value of Antero Resources’ assets and are subject to regular semi-annual redeterminations. As of March 31, 2021, the borrowing base under the Credit Facility was $2.85 billion and lender commitments were $2.64 billion. The borrowing base was re-affirmed in the semi-annual redetermination in April 2021. The next redetermination of the borrowing base is scheduled to occur in October 2021. The Credit Facility is scheduled to mature on October 26, 2022.

Antero Resources was in compliance with all of the financial covenants under the Credit Facility as of December 31, 2020 and March 31, 2021.

As of March 31, 2021, Antero Resources had an outstanding balance under the Credit Facility of $143 million, with a weighted average interest rate of 3.13%, and outstanding letters of credit of $742 million. As of December 31, 2020, Antero Resources had an outstanding balance under the Credit Facility of $1.0 billion, with a weighted average interest rate of 3.26%, and outstanding letters of credit of $730 million. Commitment fees on the unused portion of the Credit Facility are due quarterly at rates ranging from 0.300% to 0.375% (subject to certain exceptions) of the unused portion based on utilization.

(b) 5.125% Senior Notes Due 2022

On May 6, 2014, Antero Resources issued $600 million of 5.125% senior notes due December 1, 2022 (the “2022 Notes”) at par. On September 18, 2014, Antero Resources issued an additional $500 million of the 2022 Notes at 100.5% of par. The Company repurchased or otherwise redeemed all of the 2022 Notes between 2019 and the first quarter of 2021. The 2022 Notes were unsecured and effectively subordinated to the Credit Facility to the extent of the value of the collateral securing the Credit Facility. The 2022 Notes ranked pari passu to Antero Resources’ other outstanding senior notes. The 2022 Notes were guaranteed on a full and unconditional and joint and several senior unsecured basis by Antero Resources’ existing subsidiaries that guarantee the Credit Facility and certain of its future restricted subsidiaries. Interest on the 2022 Notes was payable on June 1 and December 1 of each year. See —Debt Repurchase Program below for further details on 2022 Notes repurchases.

(c) 5.625% Senior Notes Due 2023

On March 17, 2015, Antero Resources issued $750 million of 5.625% senior notes due June 1, 2023 (the “2023 Notes”) at par. The Company repurchased $176 million of the 2023 Notes from time to time during 2020, and as of March 31, 2021, $574 million principal amount of the 2023 Notes remained outstanding. The 2023 Notes are unsecured and effectively subordinated to the Credit Facility to the extent of the value of the collateral securing the Credit Facility. The 2023 Notes rank pari passu to Antero Resources’ other outstanding senior notes. The 2023 Notes are guaranteed on a full and unconditional and joint and several senior unsecured basis by Antero Resources’ existing subsidiaries that guarantee the Credit Facility and certain of its future restricted subsidiaries. Interest on the 2023 Notes is payable on June 1 and December 1 of each year. Antero Resources may redeem all or part of the 2023 Notes at any time at redemption prices ranging from 101.406% currently to 100.00% on or after June 1, 2021. If Antero Resources undergoes a change of control followed by a rating decline, the holders of the 2023 Notes will have the right to require Antero Resources to repurchase all or a portion of the notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the 2023 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

(d) 5.00% Senior Notes Due 2025

On December 21, 2016, Antero Resources issued $600 million of 5.00% senior notes due March 1, 2025 (the “2025 Notes”) at par. The Company repurchased $10 million of the 2025 Notes from time to time during 2020, and as of March 31, 2021, $590 million principal amount of the 2023 Notes remained outstanding. The 2025 Notes are unsecured and effectively subordinated to the Credit Facility to the extent of the value of the collateral securing the Credit Facility. The 2025 Notes rank pari passu to Antero Resources’ other outstanding senior notes. The 2025 Notes are guaranteed on a full and unconditional and joint and several senior unsecured basis by Antero Resources’ existing subsidiaries that guarantee the Credit Facility and certain of its future restricted subsidiaries. Interest on the 2025 Notes is payable on March 1 and September 1 of each year. Antero Resources may redeem all or part of the 2025 Notes at any time at redemption prices ranging from 102.5% currently to 100.00% on or after March 1, 2023. If Antero Resources undergoes a change of control followed by a rating decline, the holders of the 2025 Notes will have the right to require Antero Resources to repurchase all or a portion of the notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the 2025 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

(e) 8.375% Senior Notes Due 2026

On January 4, 2021, Antero Resources issued $500 million of 8.375% senior notes due July 15, 2026 (the “2026 Notes”) at par. The 2026 Notes are unsecured and effectively subordinated to the Credit Facility to the extent of the value of the collateral securing the Credit Facility. The 2026 Notes rank pari passu to Antero Resources’ other outstanding senior notes. The 2026 Notes are guaranteed on a full and unconditional and joint and several senior unsecured basis by Antero Resources’ existing subsidiaries that guarantee the Credit Facility and certain of its future restricted subsidiaries. Interest on the 2026 Notes is payable on January 15 and July 15 of each year. Antero Resources may redeem all or part of the 2026 Notes at any time on or after January 15, 2024 at redemption prices ranging from 104.188% on or after January 15, 2024 to 100.00% on or after January 15, 2026. In addition, on or before January 15, 2024, Antero Resources may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Notes with the net cash proceeds of certain equity offerings, if certain conditions are met, at a redemption price of 108.375% of the principal amount of

the 2026 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest. At any time prior to January 15, 2024, Antero Resources may also redeem the 2026 Notes, in whole or in part, at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2026 Notes plus a “make-whole” premium and accrued and unpaid interest. If Antero Resources undergoes a change of control followed by a rating decline, the holders of the 2026 Notes will have the right to require Antero Resources to repurchase all or a portion of the notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the 2026 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

(f) 7.625% Senior Notes Due 2029

On January 26, 2021, Antero Resources issued $700 million of 7.625% senior notes due February 1, 2029 (the “2029 Notes”) at par. The 2029 Notes are unsecured and effectively subordinated to the Credit Facility to the extent of the value of the collateral securing the Credit Facility. The 2029 Notes rank pari passu to Antero Resources’ other outstanding senior notes. The 2029 Notes are guaranteed on a full and unconditional and joint and several senior unsecured basis by Antero Resources’ existing subsidiaries that guarantee the Credit Facility and certain of its future restricted subsidiaries. Interest on the 2029 Notes is payable on February 1 and August 1 of each year. Antero Resources may redeem all or part of the 2029 Notes at any time on or after February 1, 2024 at redemption prices ranging from 103.813% on or after February 1, 2024 to 100.00% on or after February 1, 2027. In addition, on or before February 1, 2024, Antero Resources may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2029 Notes with the net cash proceeds of certain equity offerings, if certain conditions are met, at a redemption price of 107.625% of the principal amount of the 2029 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest. At any time prior to February 1, 2024, Antero Resources may also redeem the 2029 Notes, in whole or in part, at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2029 Notes plus a “make-whole” premium and accrued and unpaid interest. If Antero Resources undergoes a change of control followed by a rating decline, the holders of the 2029 Notes will have the right to require Antero Resources to repurchase all or a portion of the notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the 2029 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

(g) 4.25% Convertible Senior Notes Due 2026

On August 21, 2020, Antero Resources issued $250 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.25% convertible senior notes due 2026 (the “ 2026 Convertible Notes”). On September 2, 2020, Antero Resources issued an additional $37.5 million of the 2026 Convertible Notes. The 2026 Convertible Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture and are senior, unsecured obligations of Antero Resources. The 2026 Convertible Notes bear interest at a fixed rate of 4.25% per annum, payable semi-annually in arrears on March 1 and September 1 of each year, commencing on March 1, 2021. Proceeds from the issuance of the 2026 Convertible Notes totaled $278.5 million, net of initial purchasers’ fees and issuance cost of $9 million. Each capitalized term used in this subsection but not otherwise defined in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q has the meaning as set forth in the indenture governing the 2026 Convertible Notes.

The initial conversion rate is 230.2026 shares of Antero Resources’ common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 2026 Convertible Notes, subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of specified events. As of March 31, 2020, the if-converted value of the 2026 Convertible Notes was $323 million, which exceeded the principal amount of the 2026 Convertible Notes by $185 million. The 2026 Convertible Notes will mature on September 1, 2026, unless earlier repurchased, redeemed or converted. Before May 1, 2026, note holders will have the right to convert their 2026 Convertible Notes only upon the occurrence of the following events:

during any calendar quarter (and only during such calendar quarter) commencing after the calendar quarter ending on September 30, 2020, if the Last Reported Sale Price per share of Antero Resources’ common stock exceeds 130% of the Conversion Price for each of at least 20 Trading Days (whether or not consecutive) during the 30 consecutive Trading Days ending on, and including, the last Trading Day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter (the “Stock Price Condition”);
during the five consecutive Business Days immediately after any 10 consecutive trading day period (such 10 consecutive Trading Day period, the “Measurement Period”) if the trading Price per $1,000 principal amount of 2026 Convertible Notes, as determined following a request by a noteholder in accordance with the procedures set forth below, for each trading day of the Measurement Period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price per share of common stock on such trading day and the conversion rate on such trading day;
if Antero Resources calls any or all of the 2026 Convertible Notes for redemption, at any time prior to the close of business on the scheduled trading day immediately preceding the redemption date; or
upon the occurrence of certain specified corporate events as set forth in the indenture governing the 2026 Convertible Notes.

From and after May 1, 2026, noteholders may convert their 2026 Convertible Notes at any time at their election until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately before the maturity date.

Upon conversion, Antero Resources may satisfy its conversion obligation by paying and/or delivering, as the case may be, cash, shares of Antero Resources’ common stock or a combination of cash and shares of Antero Resources’ common stock, at Antero Resources’ election, in the manner and subject to the terms and conditions provided in the indenture governing the 2026 Convertible Notes. Antero Resources’ current intent is to settle the remaining principal amount of the 2026 Convertible Notes in cash upon conversion. The 2026 Convertible Notes have met the Stock Price Condition allowing holders of the 2026 Convertible Notes to exercise their conversion right as of March 31, 2021.

The conversion rate is subject to adjustment under certain circumstances in accordance with the terms of the indenture governing the 2026 Convertible Notes. In addition, following certain corporate events, as described in the indenture governing the 2026 Convertible Notes, that occur prior to the maturity date, Antero Resources will increase the conversion rate for a holder who elects to convert its 2026 Convertible Notes in connection with such a corporate event.

If certain corporate events that constitute a Fundamental Change occur, then noteholders may require Antero Resources to repurchase their 2026 Convertible Notes at a cash repurchase price equal to the principal amount of the 2026 Convertible Notes to be repurchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the fundamental change repurchase date. The definition of Fundamental Change includes certain business combination transactions involving Antero Resources and certain de-listing events with respect to Antero Resources’ common stock.

Upon issuance, the Company separately accounted for the liability and equity components of the 2026 Convertible Notes.  The liability component was recorded at the estimated fair value of a similar debt instrument without the conversion feature.  The difference between the principal amount of the 2026 Convertible Notes and the estimated fair value of the liability component was recorded as a debt discount and will be amortized to interest expense, together with debt issuance costs, over the term of the 2026 Convertible Notes using the effective interest method, with an effective interest rate of 15.1% per annum.  As of the issuance date, the fair value of the 2026 Convertible Notes was estimated at $172 million, resulting in a debt discount at inception of $116 million.  The equity component, representing the value of the conversion option, was computed by deducting the fair value of the liability component from the initial proceeds of the 2026 Convertible Notes issuance.  This equity component was recorded, net of deferred taxes and issuance costs, in additional paid-in capital within the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet and statement of stockholders’ equity and will not be remeasured as long as it continues to meet the conditions for equity classification. 

Transaction costs related to the 2026 Convertible Notes issuance were allocated to the liability and equity components based on their relative fair values.  Issuance costs attributable to the liability component were recorded within debt issuance costs on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet and are amortized over the term of the 2026 Convertible Notes using the effective interest method.  Issuance costs attributable to the equity component were recorded as a charge to additional paid-in capital within the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet and statement of stockholders’ equity.

Partial Equitization of 2026 Convertible Notes

On January 12, 2021, the Company completed a registered direct offering (the “Share Offering”) of an aggregate of 31.4 million shares of its common stock at a price of $6.35 per share to certain holders of the 2026 Convertible Notes. The Company used the proceeds from the Share Offering and approximately $63 million of borrowings under the Credit Facility to repurchase from such holders $150 million aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Convertible Notes in privately negotiated transactions (the “Convertible Note Repurchase,” and, collectively with the Share Offering, the “Equitization Transactions”).  The 2026 Convertible Notes have an initial conversion rate of 230.2026 shares of the Company’s common stock per $1,000 principal amount, and the Equitization Transactions had the effect of increasing this conversion rate to 275.3525 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount. The Company accounted for this transaction as an inducement of the 2026 Convertible Notes, and as a result, the Company recorded a $39 million loss on convertible note equitization in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 for the consideration paid in excess of the original terms of the 2026 Convertible Notes. Additionally, the Equitization Transactions resulted in a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $43 million in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

The 2026 Convertible Notes consist of the following (in thousands):

December 31,

March 31,

2020

2021

Liability component:

Principal

$

287,500

137,500

Less: unamortized note discount

(112,265)

(51,669)

Less: unamortized debt issuance costs

(5,852)

(3,029)

Net carrying value

$

169,383

82,802

Equity component (1)

$

115,601

(14,755)

(1) As of December 31, 2020, the equity component of the 2026 Convertible Notes was recorded in additional paid-in capital, net of $3 million of issuance costs and $28 million of deferred taxes. As a result of the Equitization Transactions during the first quarter of 2021, the Company repurchased a portion of the equity component for $116 million, net of $14 million of deferred taxes.

Interest expense recognized on the 2026 Convertible Notes related to the stated interest rate, amortization of the debt discount and debt issuance costs totaled $4.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

(h) Debt Repurchase Program

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, Antero Resources repurchased $383 million principal amount of debt at a weighted average discount of 21%. The Company recognized a gain of $81 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 on the early extinguishment of the debt repurchased.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company redeemed the remaining $661 million of the 2022 Notes at par, which included a portion of the Company’s 5.375% senior notes due 2021 and the 2022 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, and as a result, the 2022 Notes were fully retired as of February 10, 2021.